Saturday, July 31, 2010

BELOGARDIZEM

Saturday, July 17, 2010

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Italian general Ruggero conversation with the bishop Rožman in the autumn of 1942




From the introduction of the book:

http://www.ciceron.si/site/ciceron_knjige/francek_saje_belogardizem-2.html

“Again, after more than fifty years, the legendary book “Belogardizem” of FrančekSaje has been published. The first edition in 1951 sold out within weeks. Saje wrote the book as a full blooded chronicler and analyst. At more than 600 pages there is: - thoroughly analyzed the pre-war social, political and party image Slovenia; - precisely described and documented the development and work of the Slovenian collaborationist organizations and their supporters; - documented the relationship of the Roman Catholic Church, of the clergy and of the bishop Rožman with the Italian occupants; - All this is seasoned with a number of interesting documents and testimonies which show the hindrance of the political and religious leadership of the Slovenian collaborationism at home and in the London 'exiled' government, knowing that they were collaborating in front of the eyes of the their own suffering nation and of the world anti-fascist coalition.”



I chose a summary of the principal lines in the Slovenian Roman Catholic collaborationism which are dealt in the book of Franček Saje. The summary appeared in a Slovenian forum, thread: "Škof Rožman ukazal likvidacije antifašistov?"/"Did the bishop Rožman order the liquidation of the antifascists?", under the author's name “Sfinga”:

http://www.rtvslo.si/modload.php?&c_mod=forum&op=viewtopic&topic_id=4198&forum=4&start=30


In the monarchic Yugoslavia the governments of Karađorđević and Stojadinović were leading the state to the economical dependence from Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. On 25th march 1937 Stojadinović signed the agreement with Fascist Italy by which Yugoslavia, on a request from Italy, sent back the antifascist Slovenians (*). In May 1939 Vladimir (Vladko) Maček secretly negotiated with Italy, meanwhile Pavelić was just arisen as trustee of Mussolini. Hitler asked the government of Cvetković the immediate joining of Yugoslavia with the triple pact. On 25th March 1941 the government of Cvetković signed the entry in the triple pact. On 27th march 1941 in all Yugoslavia begun antifascist demonstrations. At that moment Hitler had just decided to attack to the Soviet Union for the 15th May 1941. So, cause the development of the events in Yugoslavia, the project “Barbarossa” was moved to 22nd June 1941. On 6th April 1941 the Nazi Germany attacked Yugoslavia. On 10th April it was created in Zagreb the Fascist NDH (**). On 17th April the representatives of the Yugoslav's army signed the without-conditions capitulation. On 28th April 1941 monsignor A. Stepinac invited the Croatian priests to collaborate with the Ustaša NDH. More than 100 priests answered to this invite, many of them became infamous Ustaša chaplains, who shown with the weapons their clergy-fascist orthodoxy. “With the approval of the Vatican and under the directives of the bishops and of the Ustaša authorities the Orthodox inhabitants were forcedly converted.” (Franček Saje – Belogardizem, p. 22). Among the most bloody Ustaša chaplains there was Tomislav Filipović-Majstorović who, on 7th February 1942 in Banja Luka, was the first to butcher a Serbian child inviting then the Ustaše to join the carnage of the Serbian inhabitants. The Ustaša NDH which was ideologically supported by Mussolini, Hitler and the Vatican, in the Second World War carried out the project of the genocide of the Serbs slaughtering many hundreds of thousands of them in the most cruel ways in one of the most horrible concentration camps in Jasenovac (where are buried also many Slovenian victims). The example of NDH was followed also in Slovenia, at those times the former Dravska banovina, which after 22nd April 1941 was formally divided and occupied by Italy, Germany and Hungary. The two Slovenian leading collaborationists were bishop G. Rožman and dr. Natlačen .

(*) (the antifascist Slovenians escaped in monarchic Yugo from the persecutions in Italy – avles)

(**) (Neodvisna Drzava Hrvaska – Independent State of the Croats, the state of the Ushasha – avles)


On the 6th April 1941 it was created in Ljubljana the National Council/Narodni Svet (NS) consisting of the existing bourgeois political parties among which the majority was represented by the clerical SLS, precisely the coalition JRZ. As president of the Narodni Svet it was chosen doc. ban Natlačen (***). Just the day after the creation, the President of NS is intervened in the name of NS asking high officials of the Yugoslav's army to not destroy bridges, railroads and remaining strategically important targets/infrastructures. When the president of the Yugoslav's government Simović took knowledge about the activity of the collaborationist National Council in Ljubljana and Zagreb, he required from the general of the armade in Zagreb the immediate liquidation of the collaborationist leaders. Cause the collaborationist mercenaries and careerists, who were sponsored by the German and Italian intelligence and counter-intelligence, the Yugoslav's army worked in a disorganized way, little clashes developed only at the borders. The Dravska Banovina has been attacked only the 9th April by a single German division (§). The National Council in Ljubljana announced on 11st April to have got the power on the territory of the Dravska Banovina, in order to do every effort to help the occupant forces to have the least possible losses and obstacles in the occupation of the Slovenian land. The NS in the same day announced also the creation of a certain “slovenska legija” (slovenian legion), which should have taken measures for the peace and the order especially for the necessity to gather weapons and ammunitions of the dissolved Yugoslav's army in order to consign them in the hands of the occupants (meanwhile at the same time the antifascist patriots were hiding weapons and ammunitions as preparation for the armed insurrection). At the beginning doc Natlačen tried to start the collaborationist career with the Germans. On 12th April 1941 he met in Celje general Lantz who diplomatically made him to know that the German government absolutely doesn't recognize the National Council and its fictitious state authority.
On the same day the Italian army (division Isonzo) marched in Ljubljana. The fake sovereign authority of the National Council has been consigned on 18th April to Grazioli when he assumed it formally in the function of administrator and commissar of the province of Ljubljana. On 20th April the bishop Rožman visited the commissar for the province of Ljubljana. The sequent day Grazioli returned the visit, obtaining the exhibition of the Italian flags on the Slovenian churches in the occupied province of Ljubljana. On 3rd May 1941 Mussolini formally annexed the occupied Slovenian territory (named “Ljubljana province”) to the Fascist Italy. The National Council/Narodni Svet and the bishop Rožman, in the same day of the annexation sent a memorial of thanks. In the hymn to Mussolini an able literary style as been expressed especially by bishop Rožman: “Duce! We saw with great joy that the Slovenian territory occupied by the Italian army has been included in the Italian reign. We please You to accept the deepest thanks in the name of the whole priesthood of this land for the indulgent and attentive dispositions You have lavished to the Slovenian population. Accept also, Duce, the expression of our devotion and collaboration without conditions....”.
The bishop Rožman met nearly all the most important Fascist ceremonies or celebrations. On 25th May 1941 he celebrated a mass of thanks for the Duce and the Fascist Italy. The bishop with his collaborative work gave to the priests and their faithful the exemplar model of collaboration with the occupants. Also the Duce was happy with the clergy-fascist work of the bishop and of the priests and in June 1941 he awarded monsignor Rožman appointing him member of the High Order of “Commendatori” of the Italian crown.
In the second half of 1941 the bishop started a resolute propaganda action against the Liberator movement. In the conferences by him organized all along the province of Ljubljana, he issued in his speeches directives and instructions and publicized the delation and the armed struggle against the OF (£) and against the partisan army.

(***) (SLS or “Slovenska Ljudska stranka” or “Slovenian Popular party”;
JRZ is the 1935 created Jugoslovanska Radikalna stranka with the participation of the SLS;
“ban” was the head of the “banovina”, a territorial administrative region in monarchich SHS Yugoslavia)

(§) (They awaited to see if the deal of Natlačen to avoid sabotage actions were succesfull – avles)

(£) (Osvobodilna Front or Liberator movement/front, the political organization of the resistance movement against the occupants – avles)


On 12th February 1942 the collaborationist politicians members of the former political parties met with bishop Rožman and founded the leading committee of the s.c. “vaške straže” (the ”sentinels of the villages”). Among the Belogardist organizers the bishop had the leading and coordinating role. Among the most active organizers of the Quisling-like army named “Belagarda” (the “White Guard” from “bel” = white and “garda” = the guard - avles) it prevailed the clergy and especially the clerical assistants of Katoliška Ackija (Catholic Action) (&), which worked as clergy-fascist elite organization. In springtime 1942 the organizers of Belagarda army created also the regional and local groups of the s.c. “sentinel of the villages”. Cause problems related to the creation of the Quisling-Belogardist armada, at the end of May 1942 the bishop went to Rome. Mediator between the Vatican and the Fascist government of Mussolini was the Jesuit Tacchi-Venturi, known to be a strict collaborator of Pious XI and intimate of Mussolini. With his support, the bishop Rožman got the political support and the approval of the Fascist government for the creation of the Belogardist armada. “Finally, at the end of July, the Belogardist leaders agreed with the Italian military command the creation of their armed units for the joined fight against the Slovenian partisan army. The Italians promised to them, the Belogardist units to support with weapons, men and food”. (Franček Saje, Belogardizem, p. 248). On the 29th May 1942, basing on an initiative of the direction of the SLS, it was founded the “Slovenska Legija” (Slovenian Legion), which was the core of the Belogardist armade. In that organizational structure there were active also: Katoliška Ackija, the “Stražariji” (Sentinels) of Ehrlich (%) and the group of chaplain Glavač . Among all the Clerical-Fascist groups, Katoliška Ackija (KA) had the longest tradition.
Pope Pious IX founded the Catholic Action in 1865. Pope Pious XI, after his election (1922), re-organized it, and ordered to the bishops of all the world to found national organizations of the Catholic Action as a form of elite and leader ideological-political Catholic structure. In the Dravski Banovini the KA was reorganized in 1940, it worked secretly and had the status of an independent and ideologically leader organization with the goal to train political executive cadres of the clerical party. In the Dravski Banovini KA directed the national committee following regional and provincial hierarchic principle, it had 8 unions where men and women were members of separated organizations. The membership of KA was working secretly basing on the principle of the information service (operative troikas), they gathered data, they created police-records-files-like archives where they analyzed the (individual) political inclinations of the people living in their zone. The local councils of KA were headed and coordinated by assistants of the church (in great part chaplains and priests). Just in Autumn 1941 the national committee of KA was prepared to fight against the liberation movement. The leadership of KA organized in Ljubljana the school for the officials of Belagarda. The training started on 25th November 1941 to end on 31st March 1942. Till the first half of 1942 the KA numbered 155 active male and female members, who formed the leading organizational structure of the Quisling-like Belagarda. The priesthood, in the role of clerical assistants of KA, represented the majority among the local organizers of the Belagarda in the Slovenian regions of Notraijna and Dolenjska. The membership of KA has been the leader also in the propaganda, especially as regards the collaborationist press (Slovenec, Slovenski Dom, etc.), with which the Fascist occupation authorities were satisfied. After the Italian capitulation on 9th September 1943, the KA has been among the most agile organizers of the Domobranci armade.
The clergy-Fascist organizations: Slovenska Legija, Katoliška Ackija, the Stražariji of EhrlichGlavač , worked for the propaganda and the intelligence. In the Spring 1942 before the Italian offensive they were present at the creation of the Quisling-like Belagarda army, where they were dealing with the recruitment and with the supply of weapons, ammunitions and the pertaining equipment. Without the Belagarda intelligence or activity of delation, the occupant authority would have been enough ineffective, considerable smaller would have been the number of the victims and the number of the interned in the Italian concentration camps (Rab, Gonars, etc.) where, cause the work of the Belagarda, 40,000 male and female Slovenians have been imprisoned.

(&) (a member of this infamous organization was Lojze Grozd, beatified on 13th June 2010 in the Slovenian Eucharistic congress at the presence of cardinal Tarcisio Bertone – avles)

(%) (S.J. doc Lambert Ehrlic was another infamous Fascist collaborationist Roman Catholic priest, he graduated in the Jesuit institute Canisius of Innsbruck – avles)

and the group of chaplain
One of the first Belagarda armed group (at the time of the creation of the local groups of “vaške straže”/“sentinels of the village”) started its work on the 15th May 1942 in Loški Potok. Just on the 17th May the (partisan) zidanški battalion after a short battle destroyed this Belagarda group. The leader of the Belagarda group was the chaplain Puhar and the partisans released him. The commander of the (partisan) battalion Smeli, in a speech for the captured Belagarda told them that “for their first rash gesture they are pardoned”. (F. Saje: Belogardizem, p. 251). In May 1942 the staff of the Belagarda armada moved to the monastery of Notre Dame at Šmihel near Novo Mesto.
On 2nd June 1942 the partisans attacked the Belagarda camp at Primoskov. The activity of the Belagarda expanded especially during the Italian offensive ordered on the 8th June 1942 by the Italian staff, who decided an offensive in the province of Ljubljana (together with the 3rd offensive of the occupants in Yugoslavia) an offensive which was considerably based also on the spy activity of the Belagarda. The Belagarda spies among whom prevailed especially the priesthood, informed the Italian military officials about partisan locations of strategic importance, informed the Fascist authorities about the male and female members and sympathizers of the Liberation movement; frequently sent to the occupants – also in exchange of money awards – bulky lists of supporters of the Liberation movement, and suggesting to the Fascist authorities the names of the ones who had to be sent in the Italian concentration camps. In the second half of May 1942 the first Belogardist unit camped in Št. Jošt near Stopič (south-east to Novo Mesto in direction Gorjanec) in the region of Dolenjska. Disguised as partisan with the collar badges of the partisan army, the Belogardists presented themselves as a false štajerski battalion ($). The masked Belogardists murdered with cruelty at the back many partisans, especially the carriers of orders and little patrols. The Belogardist chaplain member of the false štajerski battalion, T. Šinkar, in his daily wrote: “Streljamo bolj malo bolj pobjamo” or “Let's shot less (and) kill more”. Belagardisti were ill-famed for their cruel, often sadistic tortures, with the knives they cut single parts of the body of the prisoners, burned them with the fire or on the fire, they warped the victims in every possible way, the female prisoners were often raped before to be killed. An unknown Belagarda member, in a letter to the leading organizer of the Belagarda unit in the Dolenjska province – the chaplain Babnik – described the Belagarda horrors: “Very bad was the influence on the boys when, before to execute two partisans, they tortured them. At the beginning they beat them with the whip (Janko), then tied to the stake and roasted on the spit, in order to get the confession”. (Belogardizem p. 328). The same source reported in this letter about other two similar examples, which are recalling even more the horrors of the Inquisition. The assassin activity of the masked Belagardist units (in June 1942 this unit was counting in 30 Belogardists and Chetniks), named 'štajerski' battalion, was openly carried out in the second half of July 1942. After minor clashes with the partisans the collaborationist army withdrew in the Italian bulwarks. On the 16th July the un-masked Belagardists camped in Bršljin in the surrounding of Novo Mesto near the Italian barracks from where they were supplied with weapons, ammunitions, food and other material. During the August 1942 the Belagardist “ štajerski battalion” was re-organized and re-named as Legija Smrti (the Legion of the Death). On 23rd August the mentioned Belogardist unit received from the Italians a greater quantity of weapons and ammunitions, on 28th August received also Italian helmets and 4 machine guns with ammunitions, in order then to be involved in the offensive operations, which at those times were dealing with the zone of Kočevski Rog, in coordination with other offensive actions. The assassin Legija Smrti was composed by members of Katoliška Ackija, by members of the group of chaplain Glavač , by the Stražariji/Sentinels of Ehrlich and by the group of Chetniks; the commander M. Krajnc was authorized member of the Quisling-like Chetnik army – named also Plavagarda (the “Blue Guard”) – whose principal representative in Slovenia was the major Novak. Inside the Legijo Smrti often arose conflicts among the Belogardist chaplains and the Cetnik officials. The most militant was the group of chaplain Glavač , which even killed two Cetnik officials. Conflicts between both Cetnik and Belagarda fractions were useful to get out of a scrape for the Slovenska Zaveza (Slovenian Union, founded on 26th March 1942), which represented the right wing party in the Quisling-like coalition where the clerical SLS-Slovenska Ljudska stranka had the prevailing role. Great part of the Belagarda members was formed by the clerical party Slovenska Ljudska Stranka which, on 29th May 1941, founded the Slovenska Legija (Slovenian Legion).

($) (“štajerski” or from (Slovenian) Styria – avles)


The leadership of the SLS party together with the bishop Rožman offered themselves to the Italian occupants for the collaboration. In the second wave of the uprising – springtime 1942 – especially since the offensive of the partisan army in April, the Italian Fascist circles and the military staff agreed with the collaboration where, however, the Belogardist staff had a subordinate role, it was completely subordinate to the Italian army. The Belogardist soldiers, officials and chaplains received the same monthly wage of the Italian military personnel, as well they received the weapon, ammunitions and uniforms and the remaining equipment. The Italian military staff intended to include to then dissolve the auxiliary Belogardist groups inside the units of the Italian army, but such project was stopped by the capitulation. The direction of the Slovenska Legija, after months of organizational preparations (foundation of the committees of the “vaške straže”/“sentinels of the village”) on 6th August 1942 issued the order for the mobilization (recruitment). The organizers of the Belagarda had many problems in the recruitment for the Quisling-like army, as since 16th May till 10th August 1942 they gathered only 150 Belagardists, meanwhile many thousands of male and females Slovenians joined the unities of the partisan army. During the 6th stage of the Italian offensive from June to November 1942, the organizers of the Belagarda, with the Italian support, started the violent mobilization/recruitment. The Belagarda officials, the chaplains and remaining collaborationist leaders, with a series of threats, intimidations, with the most different methods of blackmailing, performed the mobilization for the Belagarda armade, often among prisoners and arrested people. The great part of the ones who didn't answer to the call of the recruitment, was sent in the Italian concentration camps or in front of the firing squad (execution of hostages), or the Belogardists burned their homes. “In the month of March 1943 Capuder arrived in our village and forced us to join the Belagarda army. In one hand he had a revolver, in the other one a whip, with which was beating the ones who didn't want to join it...”. (Belogardizem, p. 461). “During the Italian offensive in the Dolomite in the middle of September 1942 it arrived in Dobrovo a certain Belagarda unit, which executed there twelve peasants who didn't want to join Belagarda. After them, it rushed from Ljubljana the chaplain Tone Duhovnik, in order to recruit the terrorized people in the armade of the traitors. He too hadn't lucky. The sequent day the Italian Fascists blocked the village and shot six young” (Belogardizem, p. 484).
There were even more of such examples of violent Belogardist recruitment. The Belogardists even recruited prisoners of Italian prison, everywhere it arrived the Belogardist intelligence. Often they threatened the recruited ones with the threat of the internment in the concentration camps. The organizers of Belagarda involved in the mobilization/recruitment also the interned of concentration camps, especially the officials of the Yugoslav's army and the ones who, during the elections before the war, voted for the clerical party, joining the Belogardist armada in order to be released. There were also some examples where the Belogardist officials shot those recruited people who didn't want to shot against the partisans. In every locality where the local Belogardist mobilization was having difficulties in their results, the local organizers obtained reinforcement from the archbishopric of Ljubljana, from where it arrived fanatical and trustful clergy-fascists, in great part informers of the Italian intelligence.


The Belogardist priesthood, during the Italian occupation, increased the traitorous activity, they delivered to the occupant authorities bulky lists of members and sympathizers of the OF-Liberator movement, meanwhile in front of the people they presented themselves as their defenders. Italians, with the support of the Belogardists, burned many villages in the province Notranjska, especially around Osilnice, the same happened in the province of Dolenjska. During the time of the Italian terror and of the offensive, in the most important localities where Italian units where displaced, the Belogardist organizers created Belogardist strongholds and MVAC units (Milizie Volontarie Anti Comuniste aka Voluntary Anti Communist Militia, the official Italian term for “Belagarda units”). Among the organizers of Belagarda there were also the abbots of the monastery in Stična together dr. Avguštin Kostelc at their head. Pater Placid organized a special unit to kill partisans and activists of the OF. The monastery of Stična has been transformed in the center for the Belogardist activity in the east territorial area of Dolenjska till the border with the Slovenian area occupied by the Germans, meanwhile the monastery of Šmihel served as headquarter of the Belogardist staff for the central territorial area of Dolenjska. The operative military staff of Belagarda for the province of Ljubljana was working in the sphere of the command of Italian XI armed corp (in Ljubljana). In the Notranjska the first big Belogardist stronghold was created on 26th July 1942 at Št. Jošt pri Vrhniki. Among the organizers of Belagarda in the Notranjska as well in the remaining zones of the province of Ljubljana there prevailed the local priesthood, which received instructions and orders from the military ordinariate of the Ljubljana bishopric, from where came the trustful clergy-fascists who were sent all along the province and many of them were coming from the Theological Faculty of Ljubljana. Among the principal organizers of the Belagarda in Begunje pri Cerknici there was the priest Viktor Turk; leading organizer of the Belogardists in Bloke was the priest Anton Hren; in Stari Trg demonstrated their Belogardist loyalty to the occupant: priest Franc Presetnik and chaplain Franc Kramarič etc.... Leading Belogardists, during the Italian offensive, decided about the life or the death of the population. The most infamous Belogardist role was empersoned by the priesthood, which denounced and sent its parishioners/faithfuls in front of the Italian guns, or proposed them for the detention in the Italian concentration camps; but in front of the people – especially the exponents of the liberator movement – it was playing the hypocrite perfidious role of the liberator, of the benefactor, of the local “advisor”.


Certain leading Belogardists like the priest Ignanc Kunstelj, were on the payroll of the Italian information services just before the war. The Belogardist chaplains received every month from the Italian army 1,400 Liras and gratis food. Together with the Italian sponsors, the Belogardists were financed also by the emigrant government in London (#), by the Vatican which, thanks a special agreement, sent monthly to the military ordinariate of the Ljubljana bishopric the sum of 500,000 Liras, and by the financial capital of the Union of Cooperatives in which the church was the principal stock holder. For example the credit institute of Ljubljana was dealing as the counter window for the operations of the Italian Fascist party and of the Fascist Youth organization. The clerical financial capital of the credit institute Commercial Cooperative bank, and of the credit bank of Ljubljana, sponsored, besides the important Fascist members, also the Belagardas, named Domobranci after the Italian capitulation. The emigrant government in London financed both the Belogardist armada in Slovenia and the Chetnik army in the occupied Yugoslavia. The course of the controversial politic of the emigrant government changed in the second half of 1943, when the capitulation of Italy was only a question of time. The representative of the emigrant government doc Alojzij Kuhar wrote to the bishop Rožman saying that the English consider the Belogardist armade to be a Quisling-like in other words a collaborationist formation. In September 1944 doc Kuhar invited the clergy-fascist organizers of Domobranci to cease the war against the partisan army.

(#) (the former Yugoslav's government fleed abroad after the invasion – avles)


Certainly also the leadership of OF often invited the bishop Rožman to come in the partisan liberated area. But the bishop, notwithstanding the undeniable fact of the unavoidable defeat of the Nazi Germany, continued with the collaborationist policy, discrediting or excommunicating those priests who joined the partisan army. On 13th December 1942 the head of OF invited the Slovenian priests to join the national liberator army. The supreme staff of NOV (@) and of the partisan detachment, on 12th January 1943, after the introduction of the religious referent, appointed the secretary of the bishop dr. Metod Mikuž as principal religious referent at the supreme command of the Slovenian partisan army. Illustrious religious referent of the 14th division was Jože Lampret. Especially after the Italian capitulation priests joined the partisan army, who worked as religious referents in nearly all the partisan brigades. This fact proved wrong in a sufficiently clear way all the Belogardist and Domobransko propaganda claiming that the partisan army was fighting the religion. In the Liberator Front (OF) there were united all the male and female Slovenians no matters the religious and the ideological differences, the goal of the OF and of the partisan army was in fact the struggle against the occupant. After the capitulation of Italy and the rout of the Belogardist army, the collaborationist leadership continued the collaborationist politic and agreed with the Germans the creation of the Domobranci army. The principal sponsor and controller of the Domobranci formations was the Obergruppenführer SS and head of the police Erwin Rossner. With numerous crimes also the Domobranci army continued the shameful tradition of the Belogardism. Spokesmen of the Domobranci collaborationism saw the future of the Slovenian nation in the Nazi Germany, but they clearly hidden the process of Germanizing and the project of the genocide inside the German occupied area, from where just from the second half of 1941 they moved Slovenian inhabitants in Serbia, in the Independent State of the Croats (NDH) and in the concentration camps. For example the German community of Kočevje , who in great part welcomed the Nazi ideology, just before the war promised to pave the roads with the Slovenians heads. The German occupation authority assigned to the collaborationists a second class role. The leading role inside the Domobranci army was held by German officials. The Domobranci units were submitted to the German operative staff, the members of the Domobranci were on the payroll of the German army, (and of the) Gestapo. Notwithstanding the undeniable historical facts of the betrayal of the nation it is astounding, in our days (in the nineties of the 20th century), the easiness with which the today's right political area together with the church, justifies the collaborationism. The apology of the Domobranci and of the Clergy-fascism devoted itself with the politically indoctrinated mythology of the so called “national reconciliation”, with which clearly also liberal or center area opportunist political forces agree. The clergy-fascists ascribed the responsibility for the rout of the collaborationism and of the Domobranci army and for the victims of the war to the winners of the Second World War, in order to minimize (to render irrelative) and to mystify the leading role in the collaborationism played by the church, especially of the archbishopric of Ljubljana and of the Slovenska Ljudska stranka party. Both at the time of the Second World War and today the church describes the Belogardists and the Domobranci as “martyrs”, hence ascribes to them the mystical and mythological role of “soldier of a saint war”. The newly born clerical fundamentalism today wears the mask of the democracy and of the philanthropy in order to reach the goal of the hegemony. It is clear that the economical interests determine the discourse not only of the “democratic side of the capital”, but also of the church, which works on the principle of the multinational corporation. Unlike the classical age of the capitalism the trend of the hegemony in the information age – instead direct repression – uses economic means and a constant media engineering. Therefore religion works as structural mechanism which, cause its structural wideness of the ideology, works as hegemonic mechanism conditioned by the at the moment existing economical-reproductive social relations.

(@) (Narodna Osvobodilna Vojska or National Liberator Army)



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(As I have no time, no resources, no money, no support at disposition, it is clear that what I wrote is affected by many errors and uncorrectness. I am not a prostitute lay journalist of this dirty Vatican 'tollerant' regime called 'democracy'. I have not the 51% of the Bank of America supporting my writings. I don't control the Casinò of Ostenda and neither Citroen and Peugeot as the General Superior did at least in 1958. So corrections and additions could appear in the future)

Monday, July 12, 2010

13th July 2010: Tri-national HOMAGE to Wlodimir Ledochowsky in Trieste

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Tomorrow, 13th July, the presidents of Croatia, Slovenia and Italy will join in the city of Trieste an 'historical' meeting accompanied by a mega-orchestra performing the "concert of the peace" in 'honor' to the reached atmosphere of 'peace' and collaboration in the Mitteleuropean area facing Adriatic sea:

http://www.croatiantimes.com/news/General_News/2010-06-28/11938/Friendship_concert_brings_together_Croatian,_Italian_and_Slovenian_heads_of_state

Friendship concert brings together Croatian, Italian and Slovenian heads of state
Croatian Times
A so-called "Concert of Friendship" has been organised to bring together the heads of Croatia, Italy and Slovenia.

Croatian President Ivo Josipovic, Slovenian Danilo Turk and Italian Giorgio Napolitano have been invited to attend the event.

The orchestra and the choir will be made up of musicians from all three countries, and the performance will take place at the Trieste’s square Unita d’Italia under the conducting of Riccardo Muti.

The concert planned for 13 July in Trieste, Italy, takes place on the 90th anniversary of a massacre of Slovenian minorities in the former Hotel Balkan now housing the university Faculty of Slavic Studies.

In 1920 Italian right-wing activists set the hotel ablaze in revenge for the murder of two Italians in Split.

Slovenians now say the attack was the first act of fascism and want the event to be recognised.

Italy meanwhile has said it does not want to enter the discussions, but sees the meeting as a sign of future cooperation and friendship within "a Europe without borders."

No, on that 13th July 1920 there was not a massacre. The Fascist squads, in to perform what later the Italian (a serious man, not the usual Italian clown of whom the peninsula today is counting at least 60 millions of engaged amateurish hobbyists) historian Renzo de Felice described as “the first technical test for the Mussolini's squads in Italy”, died only one or two Slovenians. That morning the squads of Mussolini gathered and – as usual – protected by the Carabineers' army, reached the “Balkan Hotel”/”Narodni Dom” to fire it. The true physical massacre started with WWII, if we forget the usual murders during the punishment raids or the executions in front of firing squads. Nuts if compared with the job of the criminals of war Roatta & Robotti.

The fact is that the Fascist fire of the Narodni dom (in the same day it was attacked also the Narodni Dom in Pula/Pola), the center of the Slovenian and Croatian economical, political, cultural life in the Irredentist city of Trieste, was the shot of start for the most horrible religious purge of Eurasia.

The Strategy of Wladimir Ledochowsky to eradicate not only the usual religious enemies, but especially the inner heresy in the same Roman Catholic herd, is very visible: the Balkan policy of Mussolini, advised by the Jesuit order in the person of monsignor Jesuit Pietro Tacchi-Venturi, was the model of the ethnic way to follow in order to implement a religious cleaning in Eastern Europe and Eurasia.

Roman Catholic Adolph Hitler followed two decades after with the “Drang nach Osten”, instigating the automatic bloody answer from his Roman Catholic brother, Joseph Stalin.

Then,after all those material sufferences and millions of corpses, the spiritual goal of the Counter Reformation made himself more pragmatic, and materialized himself then in a term: “Intermarium project”.

After the WWII and the fall of the Berlin's wall, the present Europe is coming back in that pre-WWII age of history, filled with many Fascist-puppet states of the Intermarium dreams, more or less 'independent' or occupied by the Nazi-Fascist (or Stalin's) forces. The Yugo has been attacked and then occupied by the new Roman Catholic European empire of the pope, this “EU”. And fragmented again, as happened seventy years ago, in the today's carbon-copy replicas of the puppet-states born from the occupation of Hitler and Mussolini.

Then the center-east Europe sees the re-birth of the old Roman Catholic dictatorial banana republics of Slovakia, Hungary,
Czech .

And the Schismatic countries of south-east Europe has been too resuscitated, in order to be completely assimilated in the Pontifical intestine which will convert them in Roman Catholic fat. And so on.

Only one nation, one state, wasn't taken to a second birth.

This state, a little state, is the Lutheran Prussia. And I underline “Lutheran” and don't use the general ambiguous term “protestant”, because the FIRST Protestant state of the world is born directly under the patronage of LUTHER, Martin Luther.

So, this is the only state which is not re-appeared on the stage of this religious continental circus named “European Union” after the end of WWII and after the fall of the Wall. If today the Roman Catholic Slovakia and Slovenia are independent and flourishing, if Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are a matter of fact meanwhile Lutheran Prussia is disappeared also from the geographical maps, it would mean something.

Precisely it means that the EU, this Europe, is built on the religious grave of Lutheran Prussia. And that this Europe cannot exist in no else way than as an expression
of the total denial of that little but scary religious nightmare in North East Europe, which still is disturbing the sleeps of the priests, cardinals, popes and Jesuits of Rome:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prussian_Homage

"The Prussian Homage or Tribute (German: Preußische Huldigung; Polish: hołd pruski) was the formal investment of Albert of Prussia as duke of the Polish fief of Ducal Prussia.
In the aftermath of the armistice ending the Polish-Teutonic War Albert, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and a member of the House of Hohenzollern, visited Martin Luther at Wittenberg and soon thereafter became sympathetic to Protestantism. On April 10, 1525, two days after signing of the Treaty of Kraków, in the market of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights to become a Lutheran and receive the title "Duke of Prussia" from his uncle King Zygmunt I the Old of Poland. In a deal partially brokered by Luther, the Duchy of Prussia became the first Protestant state, anticipating the Peace of Augsburg of 1555. Nevertheless investiture of Protestant fief of Duchy of Prussia was better for Poland for geostrategic reasons than Catholic fief of State of Teutonic Order in Prussia, formally subjected to the Holy Roman Emperor and Papacy.............".
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Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Amber Path North: Oder-Neisse Fallout


Monday, June 28, 2010

No German Suicide Bombers over Danzig, East Prussia, etc.


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(As I have no time, no resources, no money, no support at disposition, it is clear that what I wrote is affected by many errors and uncorrectness. I am not a prostitute lay journalist of this dirty Vatican 'tollerant' regime called 'democracy'. I have not the 51% of the Bank of America supporting my writings. I don't control the Casinò of Ostenda and neither Citroen and Peugeot as the General Superior did at least in 1958. So corrections and additions could appear in the future)